When is it necessary to extract a tooth?
There are many reasons why you and your doctor may feel there is a need for a tooth to be extracted. It could be that a tooth has too much decay, maybe there is a periodontal disease or a tooth could have been broken and there may be no way to properly fix it. A tooth that is not properly positioned in the mouth such as an impacted tooth may have to be removed or it may be needed prior to and orthodontic procedure or treatment.
Having one tooth removed can bring on a slew of problems directly related to chewing, jaw joints and shifting teeth; this can affect your overall dental health. These are complications which we want to avoid so your doctors will make sure to look into any alternative methods before extraction as well as replacing the extracted tooth.
How is a tooth extracted?
The area surrounding your tooth which include the jawbone and gums will need to be numbed with a local anesthetic. The sensation associated with the extraction process is pressure, this is due to the rocking of the tooth which must be done in order make the socket are wider so the tooth can be removed.
The pressure you feel is not painful, remember the are has been numbed with the anesthetic so the nerves will not transmit a feeling of pain, the nerves delivering the feeling of pressure are not gravely affected. If there is any sensation of pain during the procedure it is important to immediately inform your doctor.
What is a Tooth Sectioning?
This is a procedure that is performed quite often and some teeth do require it. This is need when a tooth is really stuck in the socket or if the root has a curved shape and the socket is not able to be widened enough for removal. What the doctor does is simply to cut the teeth into segments and then remove one segment at a time.
What To Expect After a Tooth Extraction?
Once a tooth is extracted a blood clot must be formed in order to stop the bleeding, once the bleeding is stopped the healing process may commence. The way to do this is by right after your extraction, firmly biting down on a sterile piece of gauze for around thirty to forty five minutes. If the thirty to forty five minutes elapse and it is still bleeding and or oozing change the gauze and bite down for another thirty minutes or so. This may have to be done few times to really stop the blood flow.
Once the bleeding has stopped avoid causing any disruption in the wound area. For the next seventy two hours avoid rinsing in a vigorous manner, brushing the area where the wound is,
smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages. These activities could cause the clot to become dislodged or dissolve and this can harm the healing process. Vigorous exercise should be limited or avoided for the next twenty four hours, this causes your blood pressure to rise which could bring on bleeding from the wound.
Pain and swelling are normal after extraction symptoms and can easily be treated with an ice pack which will help bring down any swelling. The doctor may prescribe pain medications which must be taken as indicated. It usually takes around forty eight hours for the swelling to subside.
If you are using the pain medication as prescribed and the pain does not subside you should immediately call your dental office. There may be a prescription of antibiotics which you should continue to take as directed until the time indicated regardless if there are any indications of infection or not.
On the day of the extraction make sure you drink plenty of liquids and have a soft food diet. As soon as you feel more comfortable you may resume your daily eating habits. After twenty four hours have elapsed it is important to go back to your dental hygiene routines which should include flossing at least once a day. This is not only to keep your mouth clean and fresh but it also speeds up the healing process.
As the days go by you will be able to feel better and can continue on with your normal routines. If for any reason you experience heavy bleeding, extreme pain, swelling which after two to three days has not gone down or an adverse reaction to any of the prescribed medication it is important that you immediately get in touch with your dental office.