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Your Guide To Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an ongoing gum infection that destroys your natural teeth’s support gradually over time.  One or more periodontal tissues are affected by periodontal disease: gingiva, cementum, periodontal ligament or alveolar bone.  Although the tooth-supporting structures are affected by many diseases, most periodontal issues are made by by plaque-induced inflammatory lesions.  There are two major categories: periodontitis and gingivitis.  The less serious of these two diseases is gingivitis.  It might not ever progress into periodontitis, however it does always develop before periodontitis does.

In individuals who are genetically-susceptible, dental plaque is the main cause.

Plaque is a type of colorless, sticky film.  It is primarily comprised of various kinds of bacteria and food particles, that adhere to your teeth below and at your gum line.  Plaque forms on your teeth constantly, starting minutes after they have been cleaned.  The bacteria that is contained in plaque produces poisons or toxins that irritate your gums.  Gums can bleed easily and become swollen, red and inflamed.  In cases of a prolonged irritation, the gums might separate from your teeth, which can causes the formation of spaces (pockets).  If you fail to brush and floss on a daily basis, plaque might also harden into a porous, rough substance called tartar (calculus).  It can occur both below and above your gum line.

If gingivitis turns into periodontitis, the bone holding your teeth into place and the supporting gum tissue can deteriorate.  Loss of the alveolar (bone) over time, can result in the loosening and eventual loss of teeth.  Bacteria adhering to the surface of the tooth, in addition to an immune response that is overly aggressive to the bacteria, both can affected periodontitis.

It is necessary for periodontal treatment to be performed when various conditions affecting your gums health, along with areas of your jawbone holding your teeth into place, occur.  Having the correct periodontal care as well as maintenance is necessary for being able to retain your teeth.  Your teeth’s appearance is enhanced by having healthy gums, similar to having a nice frame for a painting.  Whenever your gums get unhealthy, they may either become red and swollen or recede.  During the later stages, the bone supporting your teeth is destroyed, and your teeth may fall out, loosen or shift.  Those changes can ruin your smile in addition to affecting your abilities to speak and chew.

How To Prevent Gum Disease?

Adults who are over 35 years old might lose a greater number of teeth to gum diseases compared to cavities.  At some point in their lifetimes, three out of every four adults at least are affected.  The best way of preventing periodontal diseases and cavities is thoroughly brushing and flossing your teeth on a daily basis and having professional cleanings and exams on a regular basis.  Unfortunately, individuals might still develop some kind of periodontal disease even when home dental care is done in a very diligent manner.  Once the disease has started, it might be necessary to have professional intervention in order for further progress to be prevented.

Other critical factors that might affect your gums healthy negatively include: poor nutrition, some medications, grinding and clenching your teeth, stress and use of tobacco.

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